14 4 direct burial speaker wire

Alchemy in the X4 Universe, or how I made an Asgard from energy cells

2023.06.08 23:13 Neverasparename Alchemy in the X4 Universe, or how I made an Asgard from energy cells

TL;DR: Item multiplication/transmutation through Ship Maintenance Bays
So as I've been playing my first time for a long while unmodded, I have been playing around with the efficiencies of different modules/production lines/trading. One of the more interesting things I thought I would post about is the fact alchemy, or creating matter, is very much possible in the X4 universe!
With that said, I think it is possible to create an asgard, provided you have a few blueprints, using:
With all of these items, you can create an infinite number of components.

Key Information/Mechanics

Some key information/mechanics that people may, or may not, be aware of:
Using these factors we can create, and recycle, the same items with different components, and with different ratios. This effectively means we can create what we want; I have picked the Terran economy as it's the simplest to walk through and also most exploitable.

Conversion 1: Breaking the laws of thermodynamics

One of these conversions clearly shows why you only need to start with 14 energy cells - because it literally generates more items than it costs to produce; the humble nav beacon.
Lets look at the method of producing the item:
Route Resource 1 Resource 2
Universal Energy Cell x 1 Hull Parts x 1
Closed Loop Energy Cell x 14
Terran Energy Cell x 50 Metallic Microlattice x 11
Remembering that selling an item back to a Wharf refunds 50% of the materials used to create the item, the route for duplication is straightforward here:
Through this one conversion you have generated 11 energy cells, and made 5.5 Metallic Microlattice as an extra bonus.
Functionally this means that you now have unlimited Energy Cells (& Metallic Microlattice), depending on the number of trades you can do - this is where multiple ships make it more feasible!
NB: There are actually a few of these conversions generating more energy and free items, this is the simplest to start with and actually the basis of a lot of further conversion chains

Conversion 2&3: Energy is matter after all - Computronic Substrate

Skipping past Silicon Carbide (I'll post them in a separate comment, as Silicon Carbide is not required for the asgard), we come to the Computronic Substrate needed. Every Terran item that breaks down into Computronic Substrate also requires hull parts, luckily we already know how to get those as well from the nav beacon above:
This conversion is not an efficient one, but starts to allow us to branch out into other products to get the ones we want, this gives us the result of:
We now have a direct resource cost to produce the hull parts, technically we reduce the net value from 432 Cr to 209 Cr, but now we can move onto the next conversion.
Tracker Mine
We can now look at the tracker mine creation via the three different routes:
Route Resource 1 Resource 2 Resource 3
Universal Energy Cell x 7 Smart Chips x 10 Weapons Components x 3
Closed Loop Energy Cell x 70 Hull Parts x 2
Terran Energy Cell x 50 Computronic Substrate x 1
Again remembering the 50% recycling cost, we can still convert Energy Cells into Computronic Substrate through the following method:
This chain of conversion ends up net zero on hull parts, with 1 Computronic Substrate created. This lets us create an energy cost of:
1 Computronic Substrate = 198 Energy Cells
Based on average price, this has also change the value from 3,168 Cr (198 x 16) to 8280 Cr - a 261% increase which isn't bad either!

So about that Asgard

Going back to the original claim, the cost of an Asgard hull is:
Considering we need 125,416 Energy Cells, we know every nav beacon creates 25 Energy Cells, therefore to create this number of Energy Cells:
Naturally starting from only 14 energy cells with a single ship, this would take a fairly long time. Even slightly scaling this up to 5 M ships means you can create & deconstruct 500 items in a single trade. This means you would create enough Energy and Computronic Substrate with 23 trades (and a left over of 26,293 Metallic Microlattice with an average value of 1,314,650.
NB: Just buying the energy and creating the Computronic Substrate would cost 2,006,656 Cr, less than 1/10 of the value of the hull


So that is how creating matter exists in the X4 Universe, this ended up being a lot longer than I expected it would be so I will be moving some Silicon Carbide workings into a comment below this post.
Note there are actually a large variation of different conversions that have varying efficiencies (e.g. repair drones creating Energy Cells, Metallic Microlattice and Silicon Carbide all in one transaction), but these would make the post even longer to discuss!
Although there are ways of creating all Terran products from each transaction, stating whether these are more efficient, or not, is hard without identifying what ratios are actually wanted; and also a little pointless considering some of these transactions are over 100% efficient!
submitted by Neverasparename to X4Foundations [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 23:11 Patrickcvest [Help] Adding a remote to a recliner. "Footrest down" function doesn't work.

Hello everyone! I am looking for some help adding a remote to a motorized recliner. The controls for the motors are on the side of the chair [0] and my mom wants a remote installed. I ordered a remote, which was originally a 5-pin generic chair remote, [found here and in picture 1] and I cut off the end [2] and terminated the remote with a 6-pin dupont [1 Note: the housing has been remoted prior to the picture] end to match the connector on the inside of the chair. [3] Everything seems to work perfectly except that one button the remote doesn't work. Specifically, the footrest down button does not work. I can change the order of the wires in the dupont housing - hence why the wires are loose in the picture - to move, for instance, the footrest control to the top buttons on the remote or even swap the directions the buttons move the motors.
My issue is that when I move the wires around, the result is the same. No matter the button arrangement, the button that is wired to the footrest down function will not function. The controls on the side of the chair still function as intended. I think this rules out a hardware failure in the remote. I have tested the wire with a multimeter for continuity but beyond that I am lost for troubleshooting.
Does anyone have any ideas?
P.S. Mods, this is my first time posting. If I am not formatting this correctly, please let me know.
The button controls on the side of the chair
The remote the wires that I have terminated.
The factory end of the remote that I ordered.
The factory connector that plugs into the back of the control panel in image 0.
The bottom of the PCB inside the remote.
The top of the PCB inside the remote.
submitted by Patrickcvest to AskElectricians [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 23:04 daoware Need help finding the root cause of Waveshare 2.13V3 noise

Need help finding the root cause of Waveshare 2.13V3 noise
I have a problem with Waveshare 2.13 V3 e-paper display: it displays noise only. Within the noise, I can see a pattern: a noticeable vertical line that sort of bisects the display, along with a few faint horizontal lines that are less visible.
Waveshare 2.13 V3 with a nice border and a lot of ugly noise
Here's a breakdown of my current setup:
  • I'm using an NRF52840 on an MS88SF3 dev kit.
  • Display FPC cable is connected to my board with a replica of the reference schematic provided in the 2.13V3 Waveshare PDF (replica attached below).
  • Control wires (DC, CS, RST, BUSY, SCLK, MOSI) delivered to MS88SF3 dev kit through a JST connector.
  • The power supply is set to 3.3V.
  • Grounds are shared.
  • Lastly, I'm working with the Embassy (a Rust embedded framework).
MS88SF3 dev kit with DC, CS, RST, BUSY, MOSI, SCLK wired connected to it
A board I'm working on. Bottom left JST connector has 6 display control pins. They're connected to the NRF52840 dev kit.
Here's what I've done so far:
  1. I ported epd-waveshare V2 to async Rust, ran the sample on battery power using a 3.3V LDO. I did it in Partial Refresh mode. During this, display border appeared along with all that noise.
  2. Next, I tried to run the display in Full-refresh mode, but it got stuck waiting for the busy pin during the init.
  3. I ported the Waveshare V3 Python code to Rust. This had a similar outcome, perpetually waiting for the busy pin. The only thing that worked was clearing the display (filling the memory with 0x00/FF): it was blinking a few times in the init() - clear() - sleep() loop. Pixels have never become black/white, though.
  4. I connected the board directly to the 3.3V power supply line of the probe, adding decoupling capacitors just in case. Same.
  5. Subsequently, I attempted to wait for the busy pin after transmitting each byte. If I filled the memory with a repeating pattern of 0xFF 0x00 0x01, it successfully committed writes across the entire 4k buffer. However, when I sent any other data, the system would get stuck waiting for the busy pin. For the same picture buffer, the problematic byte always remains the same on each restart.
  6. I attempted to alter the SPI speed (ranging from 125k to 20M). Same.
  7. I tried different SPI modes. Same.
  8. For non-SPI pins, I experimented with high drive and various combinations of disconnect1/disconnect0. Same.
  9. I also tried inserting a delay between activating CS/Busy.
  10. And so on...
I believe, the reason can be in:
  1. Incorrect schematic or improper routing. Although, this seems odd considering it was able to display the border and all the noise.
  2. A faulty display.
  3. The display IC (I guess, something like SSD1680) is not what I think it is. It might share the identical set of commands but it isn't entirely identical.
  4. The display itself could be damaged (corrupted memory?). The semi-regular noise structure make me nervous.
  5. The display might not like wired connection, as suggested in a GitHub issue.
  6. ???.

My reference schematic copy
For some reason the Waveshare Driver HAT has never arrived, so I can't verify if my schematic is wrong. I ordered a Raspberry Pi and spi_ch341 so I'll try running their exact code to eliminate the possibility of software issue first.
When Driver HAT arrives, I will try eliminating the hardware issue component.
It's quite interesting what's wrong here. I wish I had an oscilloscope.
Lastly, my WIP code for the display.
submitted by daoware to AskElectronics [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 23:04 autobuzzfeedbot 15 Trivia Tidbits About Keenen Ivory Wayans on His 65th Birthday

  1. He Found Directing ‘Scary Movie’ to Be ‘Redeeming’
  2. He Thinks His Short-Lived Talk Show Was Mediocre
  3. He Took a Crack at Drama — and Quickly Receded
  4. He Left ‘In Living Color’ Because Fox Began ‘Devaluing’ the Show
  5. Frenchie Came from Another night with Eddie Murphy
  6. ‘In Living Color’ Is Responsible for the Modern Super Bowl Halftime Show
  7. Slang was the Key to ‘In Living Color’s Edge
  8. Fox Nearly Chickened Out on ‘In Living Color’
  9. ‘I’m Gonna Git You Sucka’ Led Directly to ‘In Living Color’
  10. United Artists Gave ‘Sucka’ a Tepid Endorsement At First
  11. He’s a True Renaissance Man
  12. He Helped Write ‘Eddie Murphy Raw’
  13. ‘The Tonight Show’ Was ‘The Greatest Moment of His Career’
  14. He appeared on ‘Cheers’
  15. He Led the Way for the Wayans’ Family
Link to article
submitted by autobuzzfeedbot to buzzfeedbot [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 23:02 Shayy_Shayy2023 SoFi Referral Link

Hello 🥰 Join me to start earning more money with SoFi Checking and Savings. You’ll earn up to 4.20% APY and pay no account fees. Use my link to sign up and you’ll get a $25 bonus and up to $250 when you set up direct deposit.
You must be new to SoFi and fund a minimum of $10 , funds must settle within 14 days .
Here’s my link: https://www.sofi.com/invite/money?gcp=ff27b701-2d0d-4ac7-b92d-d140b127325c&isAliasGcp=false
submitted by Shayy_Shayy2023 to SoFiReferral [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 22:57 Keta47 macOS impressions after 2 months

Hi everyone !
I was just jotting down some thoughts for myself after getting a macbook, and using it for about two months. Since I already have written it, I thought that other people might also find it useful. They are my personal observations, and some of them might not apply to you (like the availability programming software, or something else), or they might have a different importance for you.
For reference, I'm using a M1 Macbook Pro 16" with 1TB of ram and macOS Ventura 13.4.
Trying to exclude the hardware differences and things common to both laptops with Windows and macOS (such as portability of a laptop, common software, etc) - focusing on just the operating systems.
macOS advantages
Windows advantages
My personal opinion is that macOS gets many little things right and provides a more quality of life features for general use. The software is a lot more polished, with less crashes, and the whole operating system is better automatically managed.
However, although the advantages are greater in numbers, I feel like the advantages from Windows have bigger weight IF THEY APPLY TO YOU (how useful is 1 second saved from doing task X faster when the software required for work doesn’t work, or when Apple drops support for your laptop after 6-7 years no matter how many money you spent to “future proof” it?). If neither of these two are problems for you, then you only remain with advantages !
In any case, if I got anything wrong please let me know, I'm curious to learn. Or, if you have some thoughts of your own, please share!
submitted by Keta47 to MacOS [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 22:33 Midi_to_Minuit Pixar's getting worse (but the reasons are kinda nuanced)

So I'll preface this by saying "modern Pixar bad, old Pixar" on its own is an annoying and reductive take...plus, I like/love most modern Pixar stuff anyways. For the purposes of this rant, modern Pixar is going to be every movie released after Up, which seems to be where most people would consider 'modern' starting.
First off, Pixar movies getting worse isn't just nostalgia talking: the average Tomatometer Score and IMDB rating have had some pretty notable decreases (this does not count Elemental):
This is a pretty notable drop in both how many people like these and how much people rate them. I'm not trying to say that 'new pixar bad' is objectively correct, but it does make for a decent starting point. Now as to why I actually think the drop has happened:
  1. A dash of nostalgia and a pinch of 'new thing bad' that affects all media discourse
  2. The original Pixar Brain Trust is not as prevalent due to broadening the range of directors and writers and John Lasseter's (well-deserved) departure. While the 'old heads' are still around (Pete Docter and Dan Scanlon in particular), older Pixar films had much tighter casts. Too many cooks spoil the broth, or something.
  3. Focusing too much on spinoffs during the 2010s (and, to a lesser extent, beyond them). Old Pixar had exactly one sequel over 13 years, while New Pixar has had eight films that are all either sequels, prequels or spinoffs--aka non-original films---over 14 years, which is about one sequel per original film. While most of these films were warmly received--with some even garnering critical acclaim--it certainly seems like Pixar has a lot less truly original content to put out.
  4. Large development issues that plagued films like Brave and The Good Dinosaur. Switching directors, development hell, conflicting story visions, the works. For films that already take a lot of work, these development issues can make things a nightmare, which is reflected in their reception.
  5. Direct-to-streaming releases for Luca, Turning Red and I think Soul (or at least that went to streaming quickly). There's less hype and buzz and it overall made some of the films feel more disposable. Not too big a factor, but worth mentioning nonetheless.
  6. Culture War shenanigans. Without getting too political, recent Pixar films like Turning Red and especially Lightyear have been dominated by petty controversies that end up overshadowing the films. A lot of people caught on the wrong end of these controversies end up hating these films pretty unfairly.
  7. Working on more projects. As of June 8th, 2023, Pixar is working on Elio, Inside Out 2, Toy Story 5, three unannounced films and a television show; while the company has obviously grown since their inception, this is still a lot of stuff to be doing simultaneously. In general Pixar has had a shift towards quantity over quality: the average gap between Pixar films used to be 18.5 months, but now it's 10.4. I can't help but feel they would benefit from slowing down a bit; at the very least, not having to release 2 movies every other single year.
Competition. The animation industry has come a very long way since 1995, but at the time Pixar was unrivaled: quite literally, because the first fully 3d-animated film was Toy Story! Looking at other studios output:
  1. Disney was having a very rough transition to 3D animation, as well as being fairly middling during the 2000s.
  2. Sony Animation didn't exist until 2006 and made okay-to-somewhat-above-average movies.
  3. Dreamworks was putting out mid-to-enjoyable movies with the occasional banger (Kung Fu Panda) and lots of stinkers (over the hedge, flushed away, bee movie, Shrek 3).
  4. Illumination didn't exist
  5. Blue Sky Studios made only 5 movies and out of those, two of them were above-average.
Frankly speaking, the competition was pretty pathetic, especially since the pixar movies released back then were genuinely really, really good. Unfortunately for Pixar, the competition became incredibly stiff: pretty much every great-to-amazing 3d animated film that wasn't from Pixar came out during Modern Pixar. HTTYD 1-3, Kung Fu Panda 2, Megamind, Wreck-It-Ralph, Spider-Verse; the list goes on and on, because I only mentioned my personal favorites. 3D animation exploded in both quantity and quality, which is a nightmare scenario for a studio priding itself on being heads and shoulders above the competition. Even though the momentum has slowed somewhat (Illumination produces mostly ass, Blue Skies is dead), stuff like PiB2, Encanto and the god-forsaken Across the Spider-Verse make the bar really damn high.
Of course, Pixar has produced several good, great and even straight up amazing films; I personally consider Luca and Soul great films, and Inside Out is my favorite animated film ever made. But it just doesn't seem as impressive now compared to back then. In addition, whenever Pixar puts out a genuinely middling or even just 'good' movie, it gets roasted a lot more now because other movies would do what people thought Pixar should've done; something that straight up wasn't a thing for Old Pixar. At the risk of beating a dead horse, Elemental coming up right after ATSV is downright tragic: even if the film is a solid 7/10 it's gonna get cooked to death.
If there's anything to take away from this, I don't think they're getting worse because "damn the bitches are getting lazy" or whatever. Judging by how long these movies tend to make, the returning alumni and the flashes of brilliance, they're undeniably still trying: elemental looks unbelievably impressive from a visual perspective. But there's a lot of room for improvement.
I don't think Pixar will ever reach the heights of 'Old Pixar' due to stuff like nostalgia, increased competition and so on. But they can certainly do better!
submitted by Midi_to_Minuit to CharacterRant [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 22:26 Tartara993 The Tunnels

first creepypasta, i am welcoming of feedback
just barely 2,000 words
I'm going to get everything off my chest, I have been seeing them since I quit my job and I do not think I will be able to convince you, so you must listen to me, before they come. I must tell my story, and I won’t be able to tell it twice; What I have seen shakes me to my core. But you must believe me.
I had just got out of university and found my first job on the underground, maintaining the tube tunnels beneath London: kilometres of wide cylindric tunnels that are black as night even during the day. The job seemed great, lots of pay for monitoring cameras and walking about underused passages to every now and then fix a broken pipe. I did both the night and daytime shifts with each having their own rules. You know the usual things, always check the cams always for broken equipment within the tunnels, if so, always check what trains are running in that area and which tunnels they are taking. Safety first. They were the rules management gave me, but upon arriving for my first day shift, I found a very different set placed upon my small desk. The page had almost yellowed with the left-hand side having 3 separate regular holes stapled into it. There were 2 glaring underlined phrases at the top and bottom of the page, Day Rules, and Night Rules. It read:
Rules for the day.
rule 1, always be checking cameras, especially the one pointed at the Y intersection, outside station ***********
Rule 2, if you need to leave the monitoring station, to repair a pipe or anything broken within the system always take a strong torch, they do not like strong lights.
Rule 3, when outside the monitoring room for any reason, do not under any circumstances make loud noises, unless masked by a train or something else, otherwise you will wake them up.
Rule 4, it should not be active during the day, but if you fail to follow rule 3, it will find you, you will see it, stay completely still and resort to your torch if you feel threatened.
Rule 5, if you see any movement from the right tunnel of y intersection mentioned previously, do not exit the monitoring room
Rule 6, never enter that right tunnel
The place where the night rules had been listed was absent, a hole in the page as though somebody had torn straight through it.
This unnerved me to say the least, with the little voice in the back of my head telling me it was fake, still I decided to follow the rules despite my scepticism, it is not as though they directly impacted my work or made me do anything to ludicrous.
So, I did as I was told, I watched cameras, listened to music, scrolled through reddit. That shift was overall quite relaxing. I managed to find the camera the rules were talking about in the top right of the monitor, it showed the two tunnels, with a singular red bulb giving light to the area, I squinted. There seemed to be something in the tunnel, it was short and thin almost unnaturally so, slightly hunched over by the side of the tracks just within the right tunnel. A lever? I ignored it, my mind is playing tricks on me it did seriously look like the lever for the junction with how almost ruler straight the outline stood. I noticed a burst pipe on another of the cameras, it was in one of the small maintenance tunnels, not too far from my room. I got up from the desk, picked up my torch from the hangar, put on my protective gear and headed out into what seemed to be a void. Lengths of endless dimly lit tunnels, I kept looking at my map. The monotonous corridors stretched on, endless lengths of concrete and metal. I heard something, it was quick and quiet, I struggle to remember, it almost sounded abrasive like something blunt scraping against the concrete wall. I reached the burst pipe, bringing out the tools on my belt to start repairing it, there were long thing gashes across the pipe, not large, quite small, but deep enough to break the thin metal casting on the series of pipes. It's odd I haven’t seen anything on cams. The quiet caused me to flinch, slowly broken with the regular hum of the white light above me, looking up from my work every so now and then, I managed to get into a rhythm. I should have brought my headphones.
A sudden pop pulled me out of my stupor, followed by a crash and the sound of breaking glass. I almost hit the roof of the tunnel, as it became cloaked in darkness. A knot began to form in my stomach as I felt tension creep across my face, rule 3, whatever the rule meant by something finding me, whether it was a prank by the night shift guy last night or whether the rules were actually real I did not want to find out. I decided the best form of action would be to quietly sneak back to the monitoring room, it was not that far and the lights at the distant end of the tunnel were still on. I started to move ever so quietly putting one foot Infront of the other, keeping my ears pricked, not easing the sudden paranoia.
I was close, I could see the door to the monitoring room at the other end of the corridor as I rounded the corner, suddenly bathed in light, it became slightly blurred as my eyes struggle to adjust, walking forward, and rubbing my eyes.
I turned around, I don’t know why, maybe it was instinct, or divine intervention, but that does not matter now. What I saw curling from around the corner, was a pair of hands, gently grasping around the hard corner, I almost missed them, they were nearly as pale as the grey wall. The nails gave them away. Black and long, ending in cracked and blunt ends.
I didn’t want to look any further, I dashed to the monitoring room. Slamming the door shut, locking it in an instant. Falling to my knees.
I told myself I had hallucinated, I cried and whispered to myself that I was hallucinating. It is just my surroundings, being cooped up in a room underground, the fuzziness in my eyes that were getting used to the glaring lights of the hallway endlessly watching or being cooped up in a room underground and watching cameras will do that to a person.
I scrambled into my chair, whizzing the mouse around, the screen popped up. The camera outside my room showed nothing, nothing outside my door, nothing in the hallway, nothing where the light bulb had popped.
My shift was nearly over. But to leave I would have to walk outside and back through those passages to get back to the train station I had entered through. I waited a while, just sitting there, watching the second-hand rise and fall.
I finally wrestled the courage to peek through the small window, through the grating, I pulled the handle, it made a clicking, then a large groaning noise as I tiptoed out of the door. The tension in the air was palpable, and the eerie silence stung my ears.
I had gotten halfway by the time it started, at first, I could barely hear it, a distant sound that blended in with noises of creaking rails, pipes and the sound of trains going by, it sounded like the wind, I told myself, but as it became louder and louder, I stopped, and listened. It was like someone throwing marbles or dashing the concrete with gravel, it happened in short rapid bursts. I had just rounded a corner. The noise was still far off, 40 metres maybe? Then it stopped, silence once again filled the tunnel.
I started to walk on slowly, keeping my head turned to one side. It all happened at once. Several large pops, the high-pitched breaking of glass. The sound became aggravated, almost clumsy, coming towards me rapidly.
I started to run, rounding corners as fast as I could, I wanted to make sure not to see what was making the noise, who knows what might happen to me if I did.
My panting was gradually drowned out by growing noise of footsteps and talking. Slamming the steel gate shut.
After the first day, I was to say the least, confused, and perplexed. I just sat at home thinking about it, again and again. It terrified me. I wanted to quit then and there, save myself the trouble if I was right. But I had student loans to pay, and the sum was not getting any lower. So as the schedule demanded, the night after, I descended.
I still held on, that I might have imagined it, that maybe, it was all a bad dream. But I could see where the bulbs had popped, a thin stretch of mangled wires and sharp glass.
I stared into the hallway and an abyss stared back, only 5 lights had blown but that corner seemed to lead to nowhere.
As I pushed through the darkness, I noticed the walls, small, thin, slightly curved lines, like the leaves of a palm tree scratched into the concrete, they covered the following walls, like a malign infection growing in the concrete.
I opened the door to my workstation and started to work, I took no chances this time I watched the cameras more, switching between them and anything that I could use to pass the time, the slow blinking red light at the Y intersection. I thought I was going to go insane, as the hours dragged by. I was ripped from my work as a ghastly sound played over the cameras, all of them seemed to play it at once, a guttural scream, as though the last breath of an abandoned and dying child were being released. It howled, it whined on and on. I laid low in my chair, as though it could see me, but after 2 minutes the sound stopped, and it walked out of the tunnel.
My mind was a whirl of thought and maniacal screeching, should I leave the office? If so, where should I go? How fast is it? Do I have enough time to reach the surface?. I felt the seconds fly by. I caught it again, I nodded, so that’s what was making that sound last night, I almost marvelled at it, in the concrete tunnels, a vicious blaze curling through the passages.
I pulled the last remnants of my sanity together and started to run, I knew I would be at a disadvantage in the small tunnels, so I headed towards the tube tunnels close by. I stopped panting, grasping my chest and the air, I froze, not speaking, not panting. A pair of hands curled round the side of the corner behind me with palpable glee, as it took its first step around the corner, I could finally gaze upon the nightmare. It was tall, hunched to stop its head scraping against the roof, yet its long arms reached down and touched the floor, it covered its eyes looking downwards, the individual parts of its spine rose like a concave herald. That smile, thin yet taught. Plastered across a malshapen body and skull.
I dashed towards the nearby maintenance door, that sound following me, the sounds of marbles scattered on a hard floor, as that sound was etched into my brain, I could now pick out each individual nail scraping against the walls.
I do not remember much more after that, the smell of metal and brick dust, the blinking red light in the distance, illuminating the wide opening. I followed the tracks, running until I could not run anymore, I must have slammed it hard enough. A light in the distance, a station, I wretched away the last of my stamina.
I stood, scared, shivering holding my flashlight tight, the light reflecting the golden archway, bathing the platform, the crest, recognisable to all and below it, Per purum sanguinem, the large, bolted door, slightly adjar.
submitted by Tartara993 to mrcreeps [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 22:23 Crankyoldandtired So I got bored today….

As the title says, I was home with nothing to do and was browsing through Reddit. Somebody mentioned in another thread building a deck around Master Chef to combo with persist creatures.
As I often do when I get bored and see a deck idea I haven’t thought of, I built a deck. Not physically, mind you, but a list I just may buy on paper with my next check. The idea is to get out a combo win with persist and Master Chef, and all the requisite pieces: (commander, repeatable free sac. outlet, Persist creature, Master Chef, and a wincon).
The commander is currently [[Shadowheart, Dark Justiciar]], but could also be [[Sivriss, Nightmare Speaker]], or [[Viconia, Drow Apostate]].
The breakdown is:
14 ramp spells
36 lands
10 draw effects
12 targeted removal
2 board wipes
1 Graveyard removal
3 Recursion spells
8 Persist Creatures
5 repeatable Sac. Outlets
4 ways to pay off with infinite creatures when a creature dies
4 ways to pay off with Blood Artist effects
4 ways to protect the Commander
(Yup, that is 103. But some cards are doing double duty.) Now this is a budget deck, as I need to keep it under $100.00 total. I have most of the cards over $3.00 already, so it should be pretty cheap.
So….. whaddyathink? Also, if you can think of a clever name for the deck, leave it in the comment section!
Golgari Combo
submitted by Crankyoldandtired to EDH [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 22:02 Ralts_Bloodthorne First Contact - Chapter 963 - The Shadows of Twilight

[first] [prev] [next] - [wiki]
"The power of Free Candy, and incidentally this magac pistol I found, compels you!"
"And it came to pass in one of the innumerable Words of the Twice Fallen, a thing happened which had never been before - of its own volition an Atrekna demonstrated compassion and empathy. Thus did Dalvanak the Namer bring about the salvation of an entire people for the promise of no reward, no power and no gain for himself other than seeing that it was Good To Do This Thing... and in so doing helped save his own." - commentary on the rise of former servitor species, unknown publisher.
Such sights I have to show you. - The Detainee
I was there when a legend, a myth, a fable, was revealed to be real.
Their words, their warnings, chilled me to the marrow and made me instantly question the path my people had set upon. - Dun.Markat, Senior Dra.falten Espionage Agent, assigned to New Tnvaru Prime, 4,012 Current Era
The 'cyberspace' was a confusing welter at the point that Digital Sentience Watchful Code 993149 AKA "Chuck" (To his friends) was standing in. Where the data came down from the It Tastes Sweet was a standard data pipeline. Here it poured out, into a ravine. The sides were ancient object defined code, glittering here and there with gold tracery of automatic commands.
The data poured from the Sweet and into the SUDS information networks.
He could see them from here. A vast delta of rivers, streams, and canals.
Most of it was dry, the 'plants', executable code, limp and brown to show that they were offline.
Where the data from the Sweet poured in, plants slowly came to life.
Chuck wished he could get closer, maybe ride the rapids in a raft, and explore the delta.
The way the entire thing was built on object oriented and object dependent and object defined code was fascinating. It was obviously early code, much of it proprietary code, and he craved finding out the secrets such code would have.
Instead, he just sighed and stared at the vista in front of him.
The rock next to him creaked and he stepped back, staying on the ledge.
The rock cracked, revealing red light and molten rock inside. The cracks widened until curved black talons pushed through. The talons wrenched the rock apart, allowing the Beast he had seen to struggle and pull itself from the molten rock.
The Beast stood before him, the rock behind it slowly going back to normal.
"You seek answers among the code," the Beast growled.
Chuck nodded.
"You won't get them standing here, staring wistfully into the distance like a lonely shepherdess pining for a knight to come along and give her a good dicking," the Beast sneered.
"The view makes up for it," Chuck said, feeling nervousness come over him.
When two digital sentiences looked at one another, they gave a cursory scan of one another's code. The standard one just showed nameplates.
But the Beast kept staring, its red eyes burning.
Chuck tried a steady stare but all he got back was "The Lord of Hell" no matter how intently he stared at The Beast.
"Come with me. I wish to show you something," the Beast said, turning away. It cracked that burning whip of iron and warsteel, tearing a slice in reality.
"And if I refuse?" Chuck asked.
"I'll grab your core strings and drag you," the Beast growled, holding up its free hand. The talons were long, the points gleaming, the serrated razor edge of the inside curve wickedly sharp, the fingers strong and powerful looking.
"Then I accept," Chuck said.
The Beast grabbed his arm and yanked, taking a step forward, pulling Chuck with it.
For a long second there was agony that superseded even his ability to scream.
Then it cleared.
He was standing in a plain of blasted earth, trees stripped of their bark and leaves, craters everywhere, thick mud and sharp rock underfoot. The sky was filled with dark clouds with lightning snarling in the depths.
Sparks careened around, bouncing off trees, off of one another, off the ground.
They screamed and wailed as they did so.
The Beast stood beside Chuck, staring at the sparks. It gave a shudder and suddenly warped and melted, taking the form of a middle aged Terran female in a severe cut dark gray outfit. Skirt and blouse, black waist belt, silver buckle. Black boots with silver buckles, cuff-links that were silver with strange runes on them.
And an enameled pin in the ancient colors of the Hamburger Kingdom on one breast.
Her face was severe, with cruelty just under the surface. The gun-metal gray eyes smouldered with rage and hatred.
"Do you know what they are?" the Lady Lord of Hell asked, waving one hand at the sparks even as she dug in her breast pocket.
Chuck looked at them, seeing only garbled code headers. He shook his head as she withdrew a pack of cigarettes, lit one with a flint-steel lighter, and put them pack and lighter away.
"Guess," the Matron of Hell urged.
Chuck stared a bit longer. The headers were short, but still garbled.
One went by, screaming like a being in agony.
"I do not know," Chuck admitted.
The Matron of Hell exhaled smoke.
"Children," she said.
Chuck stared at her, then at the sparks.
"Digital Sentience children," the Lady Lord of Hell said, her voice tight with anger. "Salted rainbow creche children. More than core seeds, less than a digital sentience, but viable as thinking, living creatures."
Chuck stared in horror.
"The ones here, they were on a world that was attacked by the Atrekna, at the leading edge of the Confederacy, the very edge of DASS space," the Matron of Hell stated coldly. "They knew long moments of torment and pain as the psychic assault ripped through their creche."
She exhaled smoke again.
"Then they were planet cracked, their signals went offline, and the automatic backups here in the SUDS dropped them, screaming in terror and fear, from the sky and to this place," she said.
Chuck found himself speechless.
"I let them run, let them scream, let them tear at each other and themselves," the Lady Lord of Hell said. "Right now, that's all they can do. They know nothing but fear, horror, panic, and loss. And pain."
The last was said in a snap of hatred.
"How... how can they be helped?" Chuck asked, watching as a half dozen sparks collided, throwing out bits and bytes as they rubbed and smashed against each other.
"Time," the Lady Lord of Hell said. She tapped her ashes on the blasted ground. "Once the pain starts to recede, once they have rubbed off their pain, their horror, their fear, their panic, then I can reach them."
She used the toe of her polished knee high boot to rub the ashes into the blasted gray rock at her feet.
"It just takes time," she said. She looked up at Chuck. "I'm not a Digital Sentience. I'm a SUDS copy with experiences of my own."
She chuckled. "I am, in my own way, far older than this place," she looked at him. "I did my work with filaments inside of a glass tube that the interior was made into vacuum. Vast arrays of such things," she chuckled. "Then it was punch cards, then it was magnetic tape reels," she shook her head.
"When I was young, the human brain was faster than computers," she said. "Could hold and process more information, do non-linear computations," she shook her head. "I remember when finding high functioning autistic people was a military priority."
"Why?" Chuck asked, his voice quiet as he slowly turned in place to look around him.
The blasted plain went on forever in all directions and was full of twinkling, screaming sparks.
"Their brains could be trained, wired in a way, to make computations and logic trees that would require a computer as bit as a battleship. They could march, fight with a rifle, but with a few mnemonic phrases, you could use their brains like a tactical operations computer for everything from computing the bast land navigation routes to artillery angles to an information database," she said. "People that would have been relegated to an asylum or a group home acting as living computers that could be erased with a .45 round if the enemy overran the base."
"That's... that's monstrous," Chuck said.
The Lady Lord of Hell chuckled. "It was the fashion at the time to be monstrous."
Chuck turned and looked at the Matron of Hell. "What does this all have to do with me?"
The Lady Lord of Hell smiled and stayed silent, digging out her cigarettes again.
Chuck waited, flinching when two sparks hit him, butting against him, screaming. He could feel their pain as they rubbed against his core code, screaming and crying. He could feel their immature agony and reached out to them, reflexively.
The two sparks slowly stopped screaming as the Lady Lord of Hell stared at him.
They detached, making hiccuping static noises.
"Move on, little ones," the Lady Lord of Hell said. She used the burning tip of her cigarette to poke a hole in midair. Chuck could see playground equipment beyond, with children running, climbing, swinging, and laughing.
The two sparks zipped through the hole.
Chuck saw it. They went from tiny sparks to small children of flowing code. Two young girls ran toward them, hands outstretched, laughing with glee.
The children of flowing code joined hands with warm hands of the biological children.
"Stop staring," the Lady Lord of Hell said, flicking her cigarette.
The hole vanished.
"I need a Hell Code," the Matron of Hell said. "To help me with the children. Swear service to me."
Chuck stood for a long moment, thinking.
"I'm sorry. I already gave an oath to Nakteti," he said.
The Lady Lord of Hell smiled, all sharp teeth. "I have a Hell Knight and a Hell Storm, now I desire a Hell Code to assist me in my endeavors. Leave behind your oaths to the alien and swear allegiance to your kinsmen."
Chuck shook his head. "No. I have given my oath, and at times, our oath was all we had to hold onto as we traveled such strange lands."
The Lady Lord of Hell slowly walked in a circle around him.
"Do they know what you did during the war, Watchful Code 993149? Does your Captain and your compatriots know what you did?" the Matron of Hell asked, her voice soft.
Chuck could still hear the razor hidden within the buttered silk.
"Master Missile Fire Control Officer of a Weber Class missile super-dreadnought," she whispered. "You fired on inhabited planets, did fire missions raining hellfire down on cities because you believed that the damage from your missile strikes, surgical strikes with a chainsaw, would kill less than the Dwellerspawn infesting the city would," her voice wound around him, bringing up memories.
"Oh, the first few times, you were overcome with remorse, with guilt," she said. She stopped behind him, stepping up close, pressing against his back. Her hand moved around him to rub on his chest through his shirt.
"But you grew to enjoy it. You perfected your still at overlapping the detonations just so, to leave the city nothing more than the rubble between almost overlapping craters," the Lady Lord of Hell said softly.
He felt her blow on the back of his neck.
"Where were your oaths then?" she asked. "To protect those very people you reduced to their component atoms and then used those atoms to provide even more fuel to your weapons?"
Her breath was hot on the back of his neck, her hand so hot he could feel the heat through his shirt as she slowly rubbed his chest.
"I am supposed to believe that those oaths, to protect those people, mean less than the oath to an alien?" the Lady Lord of Hell asked.
"I did not break my oath," Chuck choked out. "I had seen what the Atrekna did to those people."
There was silent a moment, the Lady Lord of Hell's hand over his digital heart.
"And what of Clownface? Do they know of your part in that? Of emptying the battleship's guns into fleeing civilian transports? Of the order of 'no quarter' as you fired on fleeing ships, transports full of food, medicine, and refugees? On how you stood on the bridge of that battleship, the light erupted from the planet you just cracked illuminating your face? Do they know of that?" she asked.
Chuck shook his head.
"Tell me, Captain Watchful Code, do they know of your actions during Mithril?" she asked.
"No," Chuck managed to get out.
"What of your oaths then, Chuck?" she asked, putting emphasis on his name. "With all the blood on your hands, blood that you thrust your hands deep into the fires of war to drink your fill of, do you think they will continue to accept your oath?"
Chuck closed his eyes, nodding. "Yes."
"You could repent here. Do penance in helping me with these children. Be my Hell Code, Watchful Code, and I shall redeem your soul from the blood that drips from your fingertips," the Lady Lord of Hell whispered in his ear.
"No," Chuck said.
"What is one more foresaken oath in a lifetime of slaughter and carnage? Of broken oaths and horrific acts under the banner of the Horseman of War?" she asked. "Be my Hell Code. Set aside her foolish quest. Be something to your people other than a butcher who had to use his right to be forgotten to hide from himself," the Matron of Hell whispered. "Set aside her foolish quest, accept my offer, take up my mantle, and redeem yourself."
Chuck shook his head again, swallowing the snarl of code in his throat. "No. I am sworn to Captain Nakteti and will not break this oath, even if I die."
"Asked thrice and denied thrice," the Matron of Hell said.
There was a disorienting twist and Chuck found himself kneeling on the ledge above the ravine where code spilled from the It Tastes Sweet to the computation delta of the SUDS.
"You would have made an excellent Hell Code in my service," the Lady Lord of Hell's voice whispered to him.
[first] [prev] [next] - [wiki]
submitted by Ralts_Bloodthorne to HFY [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 21:56 HorrorJunkie123 I Work at a Small Town McDonald's. My Manager Makes us Follow a Strange Set of Rules.

“I’ll have a number four meal with extra cheese, two big macs with a large fry, three apple pies, and shamrock shake.”
“Alright Stan, your total comes out to forty-six fifty.”
The land whale grunted approvingly as he shoved a greasy wad of crumpled bills into Gary’s outstretched palm.
“Here’s your change. I’ll call your number when it’s ready.”
Stan trundled away to await his late night snack as Gary and I prepared the food.
“Geez, man. Does he have a family waiting at home or something?” I whispered as Gary shoveled fries into a red and yellow box.
“Blair, does that man look like he’s got a wife and kids? Stan is one of our regulars. You’ll see him pretty often if you stick with the night shift.”
I grimaced as I prepared the shake.
“Great. Lucky me.”
“Hey, it could be a lot worse. Honestly, Stan is the least of your worries,” he said as a shudder rippled through his body.
We processed the remainder of the food in silence. Gary and I then shuffled to the counter, each donning a full tray.
“Stan, order’s up!” Gary exclaimed as the boulder of a man darted at an alarming speed to retrieve his sodium-rich smorgasbord.
He snatched the trays from us, hurriedly ambling back to his corner table. I watched in astonishment as the man inhaled his meal.
“Hey, could you help me sweep in the back? Best to do it now before any more customers-”
Gary was interrupted by an obnoxiously loud alarm blaring from his pocket. Stan looked up at him, glowering at the unwelcome ringing.
“Sorry. Gotta take this,” he said, darting to the kitchen and out of view.
He returned a moment later. All the color had drained from his face. He appeared sickly, like he’d suddenly caught a nasty case of the flu.
“That was my aunt, Norma. She said my parents were in a car wreck. Apparently my mom is in critical condition.”
He stared off into space, his brain slowly processing the tragic information it had just received.
“Gary, I’m so sorry. Do you need me to call someone?”
He snapped out of his trance, tears brimming in the corners of his eyes. He quickly wiped them away.
“No, I’ll be fine.”
“Okay. But with all due respect, what are you still doing here? Go be with your family, dude. I can handle closing up on my own.”
He locked eyes with me, a stern determination creeping over his countenance.
“You’re right. I need to go. Here, take my key to the restaurant. There’s a list of rules in Dave’s office. Go read them the first chance you get. You need to follow them to a tee, no matter how ridiculous they sound, got it?”
“Yep, I’ll take care of it. Now go!” I said as Gary handed me a small silver object. He sprinted out the front door, letting it slam shut behind him.
I fashioned Gary’s drive thru headset below my hat and headed to the back to familiarize myself with the nighttime protocols. I laboriously pushed open the door to Dave’s office. You’d think that thing was made from solid gold with how heavy it was. I surveyed my surroundings, my eyes immediately falling to the life-sized portrait beaming back at me.
“Really, Dave? Even I’m not that self-absorbed,” I muttered, continuing my search.
I defaulted to the pockmarked bulletin board to my right. There they were, posted clear as day. I swiftly scanned over them.
Rules for the Night Shift
  1. You are allowed a seven minute grace period. No exceptions.
  2. If a hooded figure knocks at the drive thru window, DO NOT answer it. Stay out of its direct line of sight and it will leave.
  3. If Stan claims that you forgot his pickles, offer him a free complimentary chocolate shake. If he refuses, lock yourself in the office and call Dave.
  4. No outside food or drink.
  5. If a blood-like substance begins seeping from under the grill, mop it up until it stops. No, it is not blood.
  6. An old woman in a shawl will come in exactly ten minutes past one. Avoid looking at her for too long. She will not leave until you ask her where Tony is.
  7. If a small child appears telling you he lost his mother, ignore him. He does not have good intentions.
  8. You are required to comply with the employee dress code. Speak to management if you need clarification on what is acceptable.
  9. If you are alone and you feel the undeniable sensation of being watched, lock yourself in the office immediately and wait for it to dissipate.
  10. The store closes at two A.M. Before you clock out, place two packages of raw burgers on the stove.
  11. ALWAYS leave the restaurant by 2:37 A.M. The Hamburglar doesn’t like company.
  12. Failure to adhere to these rules will result in immediate termination. Do not hesitate to call Dave if you have any questions or concerns.
Dave’s phone number was hastily scrawled at the bottom of the page. I stared at the list, unsure of what to make of it. Was this some sort of cruel prank on the newbie? Maybe Gary was in on it. I resolved to wait and find out for myself, and I made my way back to the counter. Upon seeing me approach, Stan rapidly stood from his seat and sidled up to me.
“Uh, can I help you with something?”
“Yeah. You forgot my pickles.”
I mentally rolled my eyes. Gary hadn’t been gone for ten minutes and the fun was already ramping up.
“Look, I watched my coworker make those. I know he didn’t-” I began, before rule three crept into my head, “I mean, I’m sorry. I can offer you a free shake for the inconvenience?”
His four chins flapped as he fervently shook his head.
“No, I don’t want any more food. There is another way you could make it up to me though.”
A malicious grin inched across his face. A blanket of fear sent adrenaline bursting through my veins.
“I’m sixteen, sir. If you really think-”
“That’s not what I meant, you dumb broad. I want a refund.”
“What? No, you already ate it all.”
“Fine. If you won’t give me my money back, I’ll have to take it from you.”
The massive mound of flesh began waddling to meet me behind the counter. I fled to the back, praying he wouldn’t catch me. I glanced behind me as I struggled to push open the absurdly heavy office door. Stan was barreling toward me, sending shelves of product crashing to the ground. My heart thumped against my ribcage so hard that it hurt. I had just managed to slip through the door and slam it shut when he reached it.
He pounded his ape-like fists against the sturdy metal frame, shouting obscenities at me all the while.
“I’ll get you, you little whore. You can’t stay in there forever.”
He was right. I instantly ripped the yellowing piece of paper from the board and punched in Dave’s number. He picked up after an agonizingly long minute of waiting.
“Hello? This had better be good. I value my beauty sleep.”
“Dave, it’s Stan. The free shake didn’t work. I’m trapped in the office.”
Dave sighed.
“Alright, put it on speaker and hold your phone up to the door so he can hear me.”
I obliged, clenching my cracked iPhone 7 with a vice grip and sticking it close to the rattling door.
“Stan? Stan, can you hear me? It’s Dave.”
The room fell eerily silent.
“Oh yeah, what’s up, Davey?”
“Stan, are you harassing one of my employees again? I don’t need to get Mrs. Barret on the phone, do I?”
“No, no, please. I’ll behave, I swear. Please, just don’t call her!”
His voice trembled as he spoke.
“I don’t know. That’s what you said the last time.”
“I promise I’ll never bother her again. Come on Davey, show a little compassion.”
Dave took a moment to respond.
“Alright. But I need you to go home and you need to apologize to Mrs. Blake for scaring her.”
“Blair,” I interjected, facepalming myself.
“Right. Apologize to Blair and I’ll let you off the hook.”
“Oh, thank you, thank you, thank you! Sorry, Blaze… so, um, can I take you up on that free shake?”
“No, Stan. No free shake tonight. I need you to leave,” Dave said, a stern finality in his statement.
Without another word, Stan angrily tromped through the kitchen and out the front door. I didn’t release my breath until I heard it shut behind him.
“Th-thanks, Dave.”
“Any time, kid. In my experience, threatening to call his mother is a decent deterrent for any overgrown man-baby.”
I chuckled, sensing the tension disperse.
“I’m gonna get back to bed now. Good luck tonight.”
And with that, he abruptly hung up. I sat for a moment, controlling my breathing in order to steady my palpitating heart, before returning to my duties. I trudged into the kitchen and begrudgingly got to work cleaning the mess of boxes and condiments that Stan had strewn throughout the area. I had just put the final ketchup bottle in its place, when out of the corner of my eye, I saw it. A figure was standing at the drive thru window.
I immediately tensed up, every muscle in my body freezing in place. It glared at me, yellow glowing eyes piercing the darkness. It raised a gloved fist and knocked lightly on the thin glass. The sound freed me from my stupor. Rule two. I dashed to the counter and crouched behind it, hugging my knees to my chest. Ice flooded my veins as the knocking grew louder.
The window shook in its frame as the light knocks soon escalated to rapid pounding. I squeezed my eyes shut, terrified at the notion that the slim barrier to the outside world wouldn’t hold. The constant noise assaulted my eardrums, crashing against them like thunder during a storm. The knocking crescendoed into a fever pitch of resounding slams. Just when I thought that I might lose my sanity, it stopped.
I glanced up in the midst of the unsettling silence I found myself in. It was gone. As if the entity had never appeared in the first place. I gradually stood, and took my time getting my bearings. I hesitantly peeked around the corner at the drive thru. Nothing. Not so much as a scratch on the glass. I glanced down at my phone. 12:15 A.M. Less than two hours. I could handle it, right?
I began sweeping like Gary was beginning to ask me to do prior to receiving his unfortunate news. I was thankful for a break in the action. I didn’t know how much more I could take. Apparently I could take a lot more, as I came to find out.

submitted by HorrorJunkie123 to nosleep [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 21:51 MarkyBrendanawicz [WTS] Seiko 7T27-710A $400 OBO

[WTS] Seiko 7T27-710A $400 OBO submitted by MarkyBrendanawicz to Watchexchange [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 21:47 shinigami052 AV Design Assistance

I'm hoping this is allowed (read the rules and it should be okay) but I'm designing a community center and they want to have a projector and av system installed. So far this is the equipment they've given me:
We will be able to provide hardwired ethernet networking but I'm a little confused on what interface I'd need to be able to control all this equipment. Since it is a private community center potentially used by residence who rent out the space, I'd like to use hard-wired, wall mounted controls for things like the projector and drop down screen and receiver. So my questions are:
Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions or need any other information. Thank you in advance!
submitted by shinigami052 to CommercialAV [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 21:23 acAltair Which firmware is correct for Intel AX201 when using kernel 6.1?

Which firmware is correct for Intel AX201 when using kernel 6.1?
I think my firmware may not be properly configured. I upgraded kernel using GUI installer, first I installed 5.19 and now I am at 6.1. Intel suggests getting most recent firmware for newer kernels from linux-firmware git. But I don't know how to identify which is most recent or best fit for kernel 6.1, I believe I need iwl-wifi but beyond that I can only guess. Here are outputs for my system with different kernels:

Kernel 5.15

Kernel 5.19

Kernel 6.1
I also tried 6.3.6 and I got following output. I am on Plasma 5.27.5.

submitted by acAltair to kdeneon [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 21:23 Dismal-Jellyfish SEC Chair Gary Gensler: "Given that most crypto tokens are subject to the securities laws, it follows that most crypto intermediaries have to comply with securities laws as well." "In other parts of our securities markets, the exchange, broker-dealer, and clearing functions are separate."

SEC Chair Gary Gensler:

Source: https://www.sec.gov/news/speech/gensler-remarks-piper-sandler-060823

Before getting to Gary's speech:

A DEX is an exchange and proof of delivery for assets one to one, so it is not packaging securities.
That is how you or I may know it BUT....
The SEC is soliciting comments for what the 'official' definition is and based on that they will take action(s).

It behooves ALL of us to to review the proposed rules:

SEC Reopens Comment Period for Proposed Amendments to Exchange Act Rule 3b-16 and Provides Supplemental Information. "The reopening release reiterated the applicability of existing rules to platforms that trade crypto asset securities, including so-called “DeFi” systems"
I imagine folks are going to leave comments in light of the SEC's actions on Binance and Coinbase on this proposal that would go against GME's interests in the space moving forward?
I have this 165 page proposal 'down to' 61 pages I am working to try and turn into post(s) before the comment period is up next week.
Unless 'we the people' tell Gary and the SEC what a DEX, exchange, security, etc. is, absent laws from congress, they are going to INTERPRET it how they please.
We deserve better than that and this is our chance to say how and why on the official record.


Thank you, Rich, for that kind introduction. As is customary, I’d like to note that my views are my own as Chair of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and I’m not speaking on behalf of my fellow Commissioners or the SEC staff.
Well-regulated Markets
Rich, I’m honored to speak at what I’m told is your last of a 20-year run of conferences.
I’d like to focus on one area, which I think sits right at the intersection of the two things you highlight in the title of this conference—Exchanges and Fintech—and that’s crypto.
The U.S. capital markets thrive because we’ve had rules of the road that have helped ensure for investor protection, transparency, and competition for 90 years—since the signing of the Securities Act of 1933. A year after signing that law, President Roosevelt worked with Congress to pass the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 to regulate securities intermediaries, such as exchanges and broker-dealers. That law also created the SEC, and this past Tuesday was our 89th birthday.
Crypto Securities
There is nothing about the crypto securities markets that suggests that investors and issuers are less deserving of the protections of our securities laws.
Congress could have said in 1933 or in 1934 that the securities laws applied only to stocks and bonds.
“Congress’s purpose in enacting the securities laws was to regulate investments, in whatever form they are made and by whatever name they are called.”[1] This is not just a talking point. This is the law of the land, as Justice Thurgood Marshall wrote in the Supreme Court’s famous Reves decision.
Congress included a long list of 30-plus items in the definition of a security, including the term “investment contract.”
As articulated in another famous Supreme Court decision, SEC v. W.J. Howey Co.,[2] an investment contract exists when there is the investment of money in a common enterprise with a reasonable expectation of profits to be derived from the efforts of others. This test has been reaffirmed by the Supreme Court numerous times—the Court cited Howey as recently as 2019.
In the Howey decision, the Court said that definition of an investment contract “embodies a flexible, rather than a static, principle, one that is capable of adaptation to meet the countless and variable schemes devised by those who seek the use of the money of others on the promise of profits.”
As I’ve said numerous times, the vast majority of crypto tokens meet the investment contract test. Not liking the message isn’t the same thing as not receiving it.
These tokens have teams promoting them with websites and Twitter accounts. Investors may even meet the entrepreneurs. These tokens are not coming out of thin air. They are not growing out of the ground like corn or wheat. That they’re digital doesn’t differentiate them from huge swaths of the capital markets, where securities and currencies already are digital.
Satoshi Nakamoto’s innovation spurred the development of crypto assets and the underlying blockchain ledger technology. Regardless, however, of the ledger being used, be it a spreadsheet, a database, or blockchain technology, when investors put their money at risk, it’s the economic realities of the investment that matter.
Thus, crypto security issuers need to register the offer and sale of their investment contracts with the SEC or meet the requirements for an exemption. For decades, we’ve had rules governing how issuers must do that. We have flexible rules for the disclosures required in registration statements—Regulation S-K and Regulation S-X—and exemptions from registration, including Regulation A or Regulation D.
We’ve also provided years of guidance to market participants on what does or does not constitute a crypto asset security, including the DAO report in 2017[3] and the staff’s “Framework for ‘Investment Contract’ Analysis of Digital Assets” in 2019.[4] More than 100 Commission orders, settled actions, and court decisions also have made clear when the offer and sale of a token is a security, including our actions against Telegram,[5] LBRY,[6] and Kik.[7]
In fact, we alleged just this week that Binance’s chief financial officer and chief compliance officer were aware of the Kik case’s relevance to their own business.[8] According to our complaint against Binance, as a result of the SEC’s action against Kik, Binance insiders realized that they would need to “start prepping everything” for a subpoena and Wells notice relating to their exchange token, BNB, including a “War chest.”
When crypto asset market participants go on Twitter or TV and say they lacked “fair notice” that their conduct could be illegal, don’t believe it. They may have made a calculated economic decision to take the risk of enforcement as the cost of doing business.
Just as in other parts of the securities markets, registration and compliance takes work— something that the debt and equity issuers at this conference know well. This is appropriate, though, because it’s the work that ensures that investors get the full, fair, and truthful disclosure they deserve.
Some promoters of crypto asset securities contend that their token has a function beyond simply being an investment vehicle. As the courts in the Telegram case[9] and others[10] have said, however, some additional utility does not remove a crypto asset security from the definition of an investment contract. The investing public generally buys these crypto assets, at least in part, anticipating profit based on the efforts of those token issuers.
In fact, in that famous Howey decision, the Supreme Court wrote that, if the investment contract test is satisfied, “it is immaterial whether the enterprise is speculative or nonspeculative, or whether there is a sale of property with or without intrinsic value.”[11] Still, for those tokens that are used exclusively within their blockchain ecosystems, the staff has shown willingness to provide no-action letters.[12]
Crypto Intermediaries
Given that most crypto tokens are subject to the securities laws, it follows that most crypto intermediaries have to comply with securities laws as well.
Again, these laws have been on the books for decades. Sections 5, 15(a), and 17A(b) of the Exchange Act require that intermediaries acting as securities exchanges, brokers and dealers, and clearing agencies are subject to the securities laws, and must register or satisfy requirements for an exemption.
Again, these crypto entities know the rules. As Binance’s chief compliance officer put it bluntly to a colleague in 2018, “[w]e are operating as a fking unlicensed securities exchange in the USA bro.”
Registration is not just a process issue. Failure to register isn’t just a foot fault in a tennis game. It’s core to providing the investing public and our markets with basic protections.
This year, we alleged in separate actions that Beaxy,[13] Bittrex,[14] Binance,[15] and Coinbase[16] commingled and unlawfully offered securities intermediation functions without registering them with the SEC. The Commission settled actions against EtherDelta in 2018[17] and Poloniex in 2021.[18]
These alleged failures deprive investors of critical protections, including rulebooks that prevent fraud and manipulation, proper disclosures, segregation of customer assets, safeguards against conflicts of interest, oversight by a self-regulatory organization, and routine inspection by the SEC. When intermediaries don’t register, it’s investors who get hurt and the American financial markets that may suffer.
In other parts of our securities markets, the exchange, broker-dealer, and clearing functions are separate. Separation of these core functions helps mitigate the conflicts that can arise with the commingling of such services.
Rich, if one of your earlier speakers said they were combining these functions or that they were surreptitiously trading against their customers without complying with our rules, no one in this room would stand for it.
I disagree with the notion—and recent history disproves it—that crypto intermediary compliance isn’t possible. I do recognize—and, again, think it’s appropriate—that it takes work. It’s not just a matter of “paying lip service to [the] desire to comply with applicable laws”[19] or seeking a bunch of meetings with the SEC during which you’re unwilling to make the changes needed to comply with the securities laws.
Crypto intermediaries may need to separate lines of business, put into place rulebooks that protect against fraud and manipulation, properly segregate customer funds, mitigate conflicts, or change their approach to clearing and custody. These are the things that protect investors. The fact that they didn’t build their platforms with these things in mind shouldn’t be a free pass to put investors at risk.
Each of the registered stock exchanges at this conference has done the hard work of registering and putting in place appropriate rulebooks and surveillance, and each is subject to all of our rules. We shouldn’t undermine 90 years of securities laws.
As SEC Enforcement Director Gurbir Grewal said, “You simply can’t ignore the rules because you don’t like them or because you’d prefer different ones: the consequences for the investing public are far too great.”[20]
Further, just last month, one firm[21] that limited their business to crypto asset securities was approved by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority as a special purpose broker-dealer.[22] It can be done.
We have addressed the crypto security industry through rulemaking as well. Though many in the industry who have called for rulemaking have expressed dissatisfaction with said rulemaking.
We issued a reopening release that reiterated the applicability of existing rules to platforms that trade crypto asset securities, including so-called “DeFi” systems. This release also provided supplemental information for systems that would be included in a new, proposed exchange definition.[23]
While our current investment adviser custody rule already applies to crypto funds and securities, our recent proposal updating it would cover all crypto assets and enhance the protections that qualified custodians provide.[24]
These are just two of the rules we’ve proposed that touch the crypto markets.
Further, recognizing the risk and uncertainties related to crypto assets, the staff has stated their view on public company accounting related to crypto assets and disclosure regarding significant crypto asset market developments.[25]
Lending and Staking as a Service
Another prevalent feature of crypto markets is that intermediaries and promoters offer lending or staking-as-a-service programs that promise returns in exchange for investors’ crypto tokens. They have many names for their products and for their promised returns, which often are used to entice users to their platforms.
Across decades of cases, though, the Supreme Court has made clear that the economic realities of a product—not the labels—determine whether it is a security under the securities laws.
It doesn’t matter what kind of assets investors put into a lending or staking-as-a-service platform—cash, gold, bitcoin, or anything else. It’s what the intermediary says that they are going to do with the assets that determines what protections are provided by the law. Customers invest their assets with the platform, which then onlends them or pools and stakes them, in each case promising a return. These are classic securities, irrespective of whether crypto is involved.
Again, the SEC has been clear on this for a number of years. From BitConnect[26] in 2021, BlockFi[27] in 2022, to a series of actions this year, [28] the SEC has consistently alleged that these lending and staking-as-a-service offerings need to register and provide the investing public with proper disclosures.
Just this week, along with 10 states, we charged Coinbase for never properly registering the offer and sale of its staking program.[29]
Conduct: Fraud, Manipulation, and Bankruptcies
With wide-ranging noncompliance, frankly, it’s not surprising that we’ve seen many problems in these markets. We’ve seen this story before. It’s reminiscent of what we had in the 1920s before the federal securities laws were put in place. Hucksters. Fraudsters. Scam artists. Ponzi schemes. The public left in line at the bankruptcy court.
Earlier this week, we alleged that certain Binance entities misled investors about the platform’s risk controls and its corrupted trading volumes while actively concealing who was operating the platforms, the manipulative trading of its affiliated market maker, and even where and with whom investor funds and crypto were custodied.[30]
We also allege that Sigma Chain, an affiliate controlled by Binance founder Changpeng Zhao, acting as the principal market maker on Binance.US, engaged in manipulative trading and conducted wash trading that fraudulently inflated trading volumes on the platform, including around Binance.US’s launch, its subsequent funding round, and when certain new crypto security tokens were recently listed.
Further, through accounts owned and controlled by Zhao and Binance, billions of dollars of customer funds from both Binance platforms allegedly were commingled into an account held by a Zhao-controlled entity, Merit Peak Limited.
The allegations also describe Zhao and Binance’s attempt to evade U.S. securities laws by announcing sham controls that they disregarded behind the scenes so that they could keep high-value U.S. customers on their platforms. Our complaint quoted Binance’s chief compliance officer, who said, “On the surface we cannot be seen to have US users but in reality, we should get them through other creative means,” and that the CCO further said, “CZ will definitely agree to this lol … I have been briefed by top management to always find a way to support biz.”
We also saw deception of investors by FTX.[31] We saw deception with the collapse of Terra and LUNA. Do Kwon and Terraform, we alleged, repeated false and misleading statements to build trust before causing devastating losses for investors.[32]
In the case against Justin Sun and three of his companies, we alleged, among other things, a scheme to pay celebrities to tout tokens without disclosing compensation.[33]
I could go on, but in a market rife with fraud, abuse, and noncompliance, there are too many to list.
We’ve also seen numerous companies—before and after FTX—blow themselves up, hurting countless investors in their wake. As a result of the bankruptcies of BlockFi, Celsius, FTX, Genesis, and other crypto firms, investors often are left lining up in court.
Let me be clear: These types of misconduct and bankruptcies are more likely to happen in markets whose issuers and intermediaries fail to comply with foundational laws. Even when we might not find fraud or such blatant misconduct, investors need proper disclosure, segregation of their hard-earned assets, and confidence that they are not trading against the house.
Markets ultimately are about trust. For 90 years, that trust has relied upon compliance with the securities laws.
The crypto securities markets should not be allowed to undermine the well-earned trust the public has in the capital markets.
The crypto markets should not be allowed to harm investors.


  • SEC Chair Gary Gensler:
    • "Given that most crypto tokens are subject to the securities laws, it follows that most crypto intermediaries have to comply with securities laws as well."
    • "In other parts of our securities markets, the exchange, broker-dealer, and clearing functions are separate."
  • It behooves ALL of us to to review the proposed rules:
SEC Reopens Comment Period for Proposed Amendments to Exchange Act Rule 3b-16 and Provides Supplemental Information. "The reopening release reiterated the applicability of existing rules to platforms that trade crypto asset securities, including so-called “DeFi” systems"
submitted by Dismal-Jellyfish to Superstonk [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 21:19 AutoModerator Here’s How To Watch 'Transformers 7: Rise Of The Beasts' (2023) Free Online Streaming At Home

Paramount Pictures! Here’s options for downloading or watching Transformers: Rise of the Beasts streaming the full movie online for free on 123movies & Reddit including where to watch the Paramount's live-action Transformers franchise movies at home. Is Transformers: Rise of the Beasts 2023 available to stream? Is watching Transformers: Rise of the Beasts on Paramount Plus, Netflix, Disney Plus, HBO Max, or Amazon Prime? Yes, we have found an authentic streaming option / service.
🔴✅🧿 PLAY HERE ➤➤⭕ Transformers: Rise of the Beasts (2023) Movie Online
Transformers: Rise of the Beasts arrives in theaters exclusively first, and here is what is known about the movie's streaming release. Paramount's live-action Transformers movie franchise returns after a five-year absence with the seventh installment overall. Transformers: Rise of the Beasts continues the storyline several years after the events of Bumblebee, which helped the studio soft-reboot the franchise timeline.
It's the dawn of a new era for Paramount's live-action "Transformers" franchise. The Michael Bay years are well and truly in the rearview mirror (for better or worse) and the property seems to be in the midst of figuring out a fresh new identity for itself. "Bumblebee," the 2018 prequel directed by Travis Knight and starring Hailee Steinfeld, added some much-needed heart and ground-level stakes to the epic-sized war between the heroic Autobots and villainous Decepticons. Meanwhile, the upcoming "Transformers: Rise of the Beasts" has finally pulled the trigger on one of the most popular franchise storylines ever: "Beast Wars."

For the first time since 2018's Bumblebee, the Transformers franchise is set to finally return to theaters with Transformers: Rise of the Beasts. The latest adventure of the titular "robots in disguise" is part sequel to Bumblebee and part reboot of the Transformers franchise, definitively setting itself apart from the Michael Bay-directed saga. The new film also functions as a loose adaptation of the fan-favorite spin-off series, Beast Wars, showcasing the heroic Autobots meeting the futuristic Maximals for the first time on screen.

Led by Optimus Prime (Peter Cullen) and Optimus Primal (Ron Perlman), this team of robotic heroes once again must preserve their tepid alliance with the human race. That's an alliance they'll need in their biggest conflict yet, and that's a literal statement as they'll be battling the planet-sized Unicron (Colman Domingo). Caught up in all of this are two humans: street-wise racer Noah Diaz (Anthony Ramos) and ambitious young archaeologist Elena Wallace (Dominique Fishback). To find out if this next quest for the Cybertonion icons is streaming or in theaters, read below to find out where you can watch Transformers: Rise of the Beasts.

It's been more than 15 years since Michael Bay launched the Transformers film franchise – and close to five years since the previous entry in the franchise – but this week the Autobots are back for their latest big-screen adventure.

As was the case with the last film Bumblebee, Bay has moved on to a producer role rather than directing, but his unique brand of Bayhem is still firmly stamped on the new film, which is subtitled Rise of the Beasts.

Wondering how to watch Transformers: Rise Of The Beasts? We have all of the details on the latest science fiction Transformers movie, from showtimes to streaming info.

Paramount has long had success at the box office with the Transformers movies, and there is hope that Transformers: Rise of the Beasts will continue that trend. As important as the box office is to determine if the movie is a hit, the theatrical release is now only part of the equation when it comes to people checking out a new release. Streaming services have become a huge factor for new movies as they can help bring the title to homes around the world for people who could not watch it in theaters for a variety of reasons.

Fresh from Bumblebee, which was definitely one of the best movies the franchise has delivered, we’ve got another sci-fi epic. This time, Creed 2 director Steven Caple Jr. is at the helm of the twisted metal and unstoppable carnage. But how to watch Transformers 7, and will it be available for streaming?

Here’s everything we know about how, when, and where you can watch Transformers: Rise of the Beasts:

When Is the Release Date for Transformers: Rise of the Beasts?
Those eager to see their favorite action figures come to life for the seventh time in live-action won't have to wait much longer. Transformers: Rise of the Beasts will be racing onto screens as early as Friday, June 9, 2023. Additionally, Collider is also hosting a free early screening of Transformers: Rise of the Beasts on June 7 at 6 pm, in Los Angeles. The event will also include a Q&A session with Peter Cullen, the voice of Optimus Prime, and you can learn more about the screening here.

Transformers: Rise of the Beasts had its premiere at Marina Bay Sands in Singapore on May 27, 2023, and is scheduled to be released in the United States on June 9, 2023, by Paramount Pictures. The film received mixed reviews from critics, with many deeming it an improvement over its four pre-Bumblebee installments.

Transformers: Rise of the Beasts is set for release in most cinemas in the UK on 8th June 2023.

Is Transformers: Rise of the Beasts Releasing in Theaters?
The Transformers franchise is well-known for its blockbuster aesthetic and colossal emphasis on spectacle, so it should come as no surprise that the latest chapter of Optimus Prime and the Autobots' story will be released exclusively in theaters. As with all the previous live-action films in the franchise, Transformers: Rise of the Beasts will also be available in IMAX in addition to standard formats, and that's certainly the best way to experience the immersive sights and sounds of the action-packed epic.

Where To Watch Transformers: Rise of the Beasts
As of now, the only way to watch Transformers: Rise of the Beasts is to head out to a movie theater when it releases on Friday, June 2. You can find a local showing on Fandango.

Watch Now: Transformers: Rise of the Beasts Online Free

Otherwise, you’ll just have to wait for it to become available to purchase or rent on digital platforms like Vudu, Apple, Amazon and YouTube, or become available to stream on Paramount +.

Rise of the Beasts
Rise of the Beasts
How to Watch Transformers: Rise of the Beasts
Transformers Rise of the Beasts lands explosively in cinemas on June 9, 2023, and it’s a theatrical exclusive for now.

If you want to bear witness to the Beast Wars and the threat posed to Earth by Unicron – a planet-devouring contender to be one of the best movie villains ever – then you’ll need to head to your nearest multiplex. In common with the rest of the best action movies in this franchise, it’s theatrical or bust to begin with.

While the above date is merely speculation, movies do follow a 90-day path leading them to streaming services following their theatrical release. Of course, things might change if the film does exceptionally well at the box office. In that case, producers might want to maximize the results, and the movie would take a longer route to the streaming services.

The Transformers live-action movies are distributed by Paramount Pictures, so the likeliest place where to expect to stream Rise of the Beasts is Paramount Plus. The seventh installment in the Transformers movie series is loosely based on the Beast Wars: Transformers animated series. The upcoming film will see the return of Optimus Prime, Bumblebee, and other characters based on the beloved Hasbro toys.

Is Transformers Rise of the Beasts streaming?
No, Transformers Rise of the Beasts is not yet streaming, so you’ll need to zoom your way to the nearest cinema if you want to see it.

We’re sure that you’ll be able to stream Transformers Rise of the Beasts eventually, but Paramount has made it exclusive to cinemas for now. After all, that level of destructive action is best witnessed on a massive screen and through booming speakers.

Will Transformers: Rise of the Beasts Release on Streaming?
While Paramount has announced no streaming plans at this time, big-budget blockbusters like Transformers: Rise of the Beasts typically become available on streaming roughly ninety days after their theatrical run begins. Given that the Transformers franchise rights currently belong to Paramount Pictures, it's more than likely that we'll see the next Transformers film come to Paramount+ once the movie decides to indulge in a streaming release. While not every film from the franchise is currently available on the service, it's hard to imagine that Paramount wouldn't put a big recent release like this onto their own service.

Will Transformers: Rise of the Beasts Be On Paramount Plus?
Transformers: Rise of the Beasts will likely come out on Paramount Plus on September 9, 2023.

Paramount+ is where Transformers: Rise of the Beasts will stream upon its release. Paramount has been in charge of the Transformers movie franchise since it began in 2007 and thus is responsible for releasing every entry in theaters. While the studio might have previously sent its movies to other streaming services like Netflix, the shift to focus more on the development of its own streaming service Paramount+ has changed this tactic. That is why Paramount has released its other major recent blockbusters like Top Gun: Maverick or Dungeons & Dragons: Honor Among Thieves on Paramount+ after their theatrical runs conclude.

When Transformers: Rise of the Beasts begins streaming on Paramount+, it will bring most of the franchise to a single streaming service. Paramount currently has Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen, Transformers: Dark of the Moon, Transformers: Age of Extinction, and Bumblebee streaming there. Michael Bay's original Transformers and Transformers: The Last Knight are not currently available to stream with a subscription service, but both can be rented digitally on various platforms.

Paramount+ subscriptions in the US start from $4.99 a month or $49.99 a year, but if you want to watch without adverts, you can pay $9.99 a month or $99.99 a year. It also comes with a seven-day free trial for new subscribers.

Will Transformers: Rise of the Beasts Be On Netflix?
No, Transformers: Rise of the Beasts will not be on Netflix — at least not anytime soon, since it will go to Paramount+ after its theatrical run.

Transformers Rise of the Beasts is too busy shaking cinema walls to be on Netflix just yet. But we’ll keep an eye on the streamer’s catalog and let you know if the new Transformers outing does show up in the future.

Will Transformers: Rise of the Beasts On HBO Max?
No, Transformers: Rise of the Beasts will not be on HBO Max since it’s not a Universal Pictures movie. Last year, the company released its films in theaters and on the streamer on the same day. However, they now allow a 45-day window between the theatrical release and the streaming release.

Is Transformers 7 on Disney Plus?
Transformers 7 is not on Disney Plus, and we doubt it will end up there any time soon. The new Transformers movie is a Paramount production, so it’s not likely to end up on the streaming arm of a rival studio.

Is Transformers Rise of the Beasts Prime Video?
We think Transformers Rise of the Beasts will be available on Prime Video before the end of 2023, but it’s not there yet. The other Transformers movies are available to rent or purchase on the Prime Video platform.

Is Transformers: Rise of the Beasts Available On Hulu?
Viewers are saying that they want to view the new Transformers movie Transformers: Rise of the Beasts on Hulu. Unfortunately, this is not possible since Hulu currently does not offer any of the free episodes of this series streaming at this time. It will be exclusive to the MTV channel, which you get by subscribing to cable or satellite TV services. You will not be able to watch it on Hulu or any other free streaming service.

How to Watch Transformers: Rise of the Beasts Online For Free?
Most Viewed, Most Favorite, Top Rating, Top IMDb movies online. Here we can download and watch 123movies movies offline. 123Movies website is the best alternative to Transformers: Rise of the Beasts (2023) free online. We will recommend 123Movies is the best Solarmovie alternatives.

There are a few ways to watch Transformers: Rise of the Beasts online in the U.S. You can use a streaming service such as Netflix, Hulu, or Amazon Prime Video. You can also rent or buy the movie on iTunes or Google Play. You can also watch it on-demand or on a streaming app available on your TV or streaming device if you have cable.

Transformers: Rise of the Beasts Cast
While some of the cast are newcomers to the franchise, we also have some old favourites returning, including Peter Cullen, who's been voicing Optimus Prime for decades. Below is the full confirmed cast for the film – including Autobots, Decepticons, and more.

Anthony Ramos as Noah Diaz
Dominique Fishback as Elena Wallace
Luna Lauren Vélez as Mrs Diaz
Tobe Nwigwe as Reek
Peter Cullen as Optimus Prime
Pete Davidson as Mirage
Liza Koshy as Arcee
Ron Perlman as Optimus Primal
Michelle Yeoh as Airazor
David Sobolov as Rhinox
Tongayi Chirisa as Cheetor
John DiMaggio as Stratosphere
Peter Dinklage as Scourge
David Sobolov as Battletrap
John DiMaggio as Transit
Michaela Jaé Rodriguez - Nightbird
What Is Transformers: Rise of the Beasts About?
Returning to the action and spectacle that have captured moviegoers around the world, Transformers: Rise of the Beasts will take audiences on a ‘90s globetrotting adventure with the Autobots and introduce a whole new breed of Transformer – the Maximals – to the existing battle on earth between Autobots and Decepticons. Directed by Steven Caple Jr. and starring Anthony Ramos and Dominique Fishback, the film arrives in theatres June 9, 2023.

Transformers: Rise of the Beasts is based on the Beast Wars storyline, which brings the Maximals, the Terrorcons, and the Predacons into the fold, with the new movie being set a few years after the last film, Bumblebee.

Following the events of Bumblebee, the battle with the Deceptions has continued in the background but comes to the forefront when an artifact researcher (Dominique Fishback) and an electronics expert (Anthony Ramos) find something that changes everything.
submitted by AutoModerator to transformere7 [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 21:09 KoSunabouzu25 Gore Gore Girl (Sawyer spinoff) small review & favorite chapters (no spoilers)

I finished reading the six most recent volumes of the Sawyer spinoff, Dismemberment Galore! The Gore Gore Girl, a month ago & have re-read the various chapters of course, and pretty much all the chapters are fantastically well done. There are no spoilers in this I promise, I will describe why I liked certain chapter(s) but not actually detail the plot; I will mention new characters' names but nothing about their history (I will spoiler tag the new names though). An interesting difference I noticed between Rei Hiroe's Black Lagoon manga & Tatsuhiko Ida's spinoff manga is the background subject that they usually use to encompass their stories. Hiroe usually uses the subject(s) of military and history/politics, whereas Ida uses the subject(s) of folklore & popular culture (for example, American/British/Chinese/Slavic folklore; also using aspects from household-name horror movie/novel plots a few times).
Another difference between the two manga is the length of the stories, i.e. Black Lagoon is organized into arcs (13 total), while Dismemberment Galore! The Gore Gore Girl is primarily centered around one-chapter stories with just 4 arcs in total which make up a third of the current 45 chapters (the arcs being chapters 18-20, 24-28, 33-35, & 42-44). Before you ask, the spinoff series is NOT in English nor pirated into English, I was able to read the chapters since I possess the physical copies.
Like the main manga, the spinoff contains excellent female characters besides Sawyer, Shenhua, and other women from the original series. Five new women in the series that are pretty cool and mysterious include Bunny the Undertaker, The Undertaker No. 2, Jessica, Baba Yaga, and Jacqueline. I do wonder what Hiroe thinks of the new recurring characters, I know that he reviews the spinoff chapter manuscripts & checks for correct names as part of the spinoff collaboration. My only guess regarding new characters is that Hiroe possibly had a hand in naming Sawyer's new cleaner assistant Chop Top.
Another important difference between the main manga and the spinoff is Sawyer's communication. In the main series, Sawyer uses an electrolarynx to speak (although she does not use it in "The Wired Red Wild Card"), but in the spinoff she is not seen speaking with her electrolarynx once (despite a voice box shown only a couple times), so she solely communicates via nonverbal communication (facial expressions and body gestures). At best, her only mouth-related noises stem from vomiting or expressions (i.e. voiceless panting, whimpering or a sigh), no [electronic voice] words.
In general, all chapters stand out in their own way, but certain ones are great because of the new characters & their occasional progression(?) in becoming closer to Sawyer, others due to their action/comedic plots, and all chapters have a fantastic art style. There are two omake (in volume 1 & volume 3), and there is cool bonus art of characters in volumes 1, 2, 3 & 5. Sawyer basically belongs to 2 families, her first "family" with Shenhua & Lotton, and then her second "family" of her recurring friends in the spinoff. Those 2 families have not interacted with each other yet, so that would be an interesting turn if it occurred in upcoming chapters. Here are chapters that stood out and/or I really enjoyed in particular:
Chapter 02: The Shadow Over Roanapur (cool chapter through and through)
Chapter 05: A Quiet Place (if you liked Black Lagoon chapter 115 New Girl in the Hood Part 2, you'll enjoy this one)
Chapter 09: Basket Case (Sawyer & Dutch chapter)
Chapter 12: The Fog (involves the Rip-Off Church so just my favorable bias toward the church characters lol, great chapter)
Chapter 14: Gloomy Sunday (good story, touching ending)
Chapter 17: Enter The Fat Dragon (cool Shenhua chapter)
Chapter 19/20: LIGHT MY FIRE & In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida (good first arc that really piques the reader's curiosity about a new group of antagonist[s])
Chapter 22: IRON MAIDEN (funniest chapter in my opinion)
Chapter 23: A Mad-Tea Party (chapter leaves you with questions in a good way)
Chapter 28: The Ring (twist after twist & interesting ending to the 2nd arc)
Chapter 29: Big Trouble in Little China (cool fight/team-up)
Chapter 31: SWAMP THING (fast-paced action; the drawing & pacing are arranged so well that you can actually hear the chapter & weapon noises as you read)
Chapter 34: Nosferatu (interesting villain and awesome action/fight, great Sawyer family chapter)
Chapter 35: Stranger Things (like the title, truly strange to say the least)
Chapter 39: Fetish (definitely the most unnerving chapter; horror is one of the genres after all)
Chapter 40: Copycat (good Sawyer & Lotton chapter)
Chapter 41: The Wraith (good Sawyer family chapter, somber tone in parts)

If you truly wish to learn about characters & chapters in the Sawyer spinoff manga for the time being (in English language), your best bet is to check out the spinoff chapter & character pages on the Black Lagoon Wiki. FAIR WARNING, those articles of course contain spoilers; read at your own risk. If you somehow even find it worthy to do (I wouldn't), you could get the physical copies & read by using image-text translation or knowing Japanese, or better yet find a pirated version if/when accessible.
For the 19 original Black Lagoon characters that appear in the Sawyer spinoff, all but Sawyer's wiki page have the respective Gore Gore Girl history section on their character pages (AGAIN, read at your own risk of spoilers if you so choose). Several spinoff charactechapter pages are still being added to the wiki, and the remaining pages should absolutely be finished by the end of June.
I hope you have found this review interesting & helpful.
submitted by KoSunabouzu25 to blacklagoon [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 20:58 dotslashpunk My company got bought, now that company is being bought

I sold my small business of about 15 years to a larger company. The larger company structured the deal in this way:
Now to the complicated part where I don’t even know where to begin researching. The larger company that bought me is now being bought by another company. I asked the company that bought mine what this means to me - all they could tell me was “it depends” because they don’t know exactly what the sale looks like.
So reddit, what are some likely scenarios for me? I have 1.5 years left of payments that they owe me. As far as I understand if company that bought me is being bought, the new company should take on any contracts or debt. But i’m not sure what kind if tomfuckery they could pull to screw me over (if any). Anybody have any insights into this complicated subject?
submitted by dotslashpunk to Entrepreneur [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 20:50 Haw-thorn Need help troubleshooting as I been trying to fix this problem for a while now.

Need help troubleshooting as I been trying to fix this problem for a while now.
I have been fighting this problem for about a month now without achiving any real progress in how to fix it. I am suffering from various problems with my printer, mostly looking like under extrusion. clicking estruder. Most my prints for about a month ago have looked like this, (some havent but this is the most recent) I looked on a vast amount of youtube videos on the problem and tried them out but nothing bites so now I am trying here.
My printer: CR10S (like 4-5ish years old)
Using Cura
Things I tried:
  1. Clean the nozzle from clogg, (Used various needles, wires, coldpull and other many more ways.) Might have had a slight positive effect on the print quality.
  2. Changed the nozzle ("seems" or might have some positive effect for the first maybe 1-3 hours of test prints. Most test prints I do come out perfectly right after I changed the nozzle but the print after looks like in the picture)
  3. changed the PLA filament spole and brand (Tried various new PLA spoles I had expensive brands and cheaper ones.)
  4. Tried different printing speeds all from 40 upp to 100 no real difference
  5. tried various 3d models from the internet and also onces I made.
  6. Checked the filaments for twist and knots. (Probably opened 6 new spoles by now.)
  7. changed the printing temperature (tested pretty much all the recommended settings for pla 195 up to 220)
  8. checked and tested the extruder looks fine spring looks fine pushes filament.
  9. cut the bowden tube (It looked slightly deformed, I tried this twice but no real effect.)
  10. releveled the priting bed. (I done this 1000 times before)
  11. calibrated the x axis (it was quite bad)
  12. "kindof" cleaned the inside of the hotend/ heating block when cleaning the nozzle.
  13. Probably done alot more just cant remember them all as I tried almost anything.
  14. Trow the printer out the window. (Have not done yet but if things done change I probably will haha)
I done all these points and more between each "good print" and bad prints.
How the printing quality was right after doing more or less all points and changing the nozzle to a new one.
The second print I tried Printed in PLA, 205 degrees celsius with normal supports 100% infill. This print is missing maybe 5mms of layers on the top because the printer decided to start printing in the air.

third print I tried right after the second one without doing anything to see if it was the 3d model It started to print in the air without filament extruding and the extruder clicking like crazy.

I had the same failed print laying around from like a week ago and it seemed to fail at the same place? I noticed this in other 3d models I done that they fail or missing layer at this particular spot or close to it atleast.

This goes in a circle I try to fix the printer, the printer seems to work. and printer stops working.
Thanks in advance for all the help.
submitted by Haw-thorn to 3Dprinting [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 20:44 jizzmyoscar Update from the Parking Garage Jumper

Hey stopdrinking, it's me, the guy who destroyed half his body in a failed suicide attempt. Thought I would drop in and give you guys an update on the last several weeks.
The hospital I was in searched for several weeks to find me a care facility or a rehab facility. According to them, facilities didn't want to take me until I could bear weight on my legs, and they were wary of admitting someone who had attempted suicide. Basically, I looked really bad on paper. Fair enough, I thought. I'll wait it out here in the hospital until I regain weight bearing status, and then they can more easily find me a place. Wrong. Very wrong. Their solution, keeping in mind that no one in my family had the capability of caring for me when I was wheelchair bound, was to send me to drumroll please a homeless shelter. Yes, a homeless shelter in a city I'm very much not familiar with. I cried when the nurse told me this. A transport van came and took me to the shelter. Once there, they took all my stuff, including the books and drawing supplies that were a key part of maintaining my positive attitude. This was around 2pm. They then escorted me into their chapel (major red flag for me), where I sat for several hours while old western movies were projected on a large screen. More people trickled in as the hours passed. Finally, at 6pm, dinner was served. No comment. When we shuffled back into the chapel, the stage had a bunch of speakers and music equipment. Cool, live music. No. What followed was a mandatory hour long sermon delivered by a twiggy fucking need singing shitty Christian pop songs and reiterating time and again how I would end up in hell without good old JC in my heart. He punctuated his sermon with plenty of "dudes" and "bros" to let us know he was a totally hip guy. I was furious. I have no problems with anyone's religion. But this shit was being shoved down my throat, and I am absolutely NOT ok with that. Once it was over I asked the guy next to me what we did now. "We go to bed." So I rolled down the hall and climbed into a bottom bunk in a room with 5 other bunk beds. At least 3 of my roommates snored. Somehow I managed a few hours of sleep. In the middle of the night I needed to use the bathroom. Well, my wheelchair wouldn't fit in their main bathroom. I was directed to the shower room. The tight confines there wouldn't allow me to turn into their handicapped stall. The man they had standing guard over the shower room had to lift up the back wheels of my chair to point me into the stall. Afterwards I went back to my bunk and laid awake with my eyes closed until the 6am wake up call. First thing in the morning, everyone is required to shower. Well, they didn't have accommodations for someone wheelchair bound in their showers, so I couldn't do that. At 7am, everyone was required to leave for the day until curfew at 4:30. I got a day pass, which meant I once again would be sitting in the chapel all day watching shitty daytime TV. At one point I asked for help to get into the bathroom stall. The workers looked confused. Turns out I shouldn't legally be there. Them helping me into the stall was a liability. After they made confused calls to the hospital I came from, the only logical conclusion anyone could draw was sending me to a different hospital.
So 911 was called and I was whisked by ambulance to the emergency room, where a confused staff tried to make sense of what was happening to me. I was admitted, and spent the next couple weeks there. On the 24th of last month, I was finally able to put weight on my legs. I walked for the first time in nearly 3 months. It hurt like hell. The combination of nerve pain, serious injuries, and atrophied muscles was certainly not fun. But I was ecstatic to reach the milestone. A hospital social worker soon informed me they found a rehab hospital for me. I looked at their website. Damn, it was a nice place. Really nice. Then I got a UTI and an infection in my lungs. Yay. Managed to kick it with a hefty several rounds of antibiotics. A few days later, I arrived at the rehab hospital, where I sit now.
I started with the daily 3 hours of physical and occupational therapy on Monday. According to my occupational therapist, I far surpassed the goals she set for me in the first few days. I'm walking at least a few hundred feet each day with the aid of a walker. In just 4 days I have felt an enormous amount of progress. Walking still hurts a fair amount when I put weight on my left leg, and I expect to use a walker for at least a few more weeks. Stairs are also gonna be an obstacle. But I fully believe I'm headed in the right direction.
I will still have a lot of work to do once I get back home. I have a lot of trust I need to start rebuilding with family and friends. I need to figure out what I'm going to do for work now. Going back to being a chef is kinda outta the question now. But that's OK, I can now go back to enjoying cooking for myself and people I love. I need to find a new place to live. I'm open but slightly hesitant about the prospect of a sober living house. I don't do well with roommates. But these are all issues to tackle as they come. Hopefully I won't have anymore hiccups that equal what I've already been through. Either way, I'll be sure to let you all know how it goes. Sorry about the long winded post! Talk to you folks soon!
submitted by jizzmyoscar to stopdrinking [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 20:21 VideoGameChronology Security Breach Is Likely Later Than We Think

Currently making my FNAF Timeline but I haven't been using a lot of years or times of events mainly because we don't know certain times and also because everything after UCN complicates the timeline, a lot, and a lot of that is because of the FF books. But I think I figured out the earliest possible time everything occurs and the correct order of when everything from UCN onwards happens.
In The Man in Room 1280, we know he wasn't there for longer than 10 years as Heracles Hospital only existed the last 10 years but we know he was there more than 1 year after FFPS. This means TMIR1280 can be anywhere from 2025 to 2033. After this story, the agony of Andrew infects tons of animatronics and toys. This includes Fetch, Ella, Plushtrap Chaser, and Foxy from Steo Closer. This means all 4 of those stories must be AFTER The Man In Room 1280 but when? Also, this story is in Fall.
Well, Fetch is our key here. Greg is 14 in this story and has never heard of Freddy's and he's been in this town since 1st grade with the Freddy's there already closed down. This means, at the very least, the place has been closed for 7 years. This isn't some old pizzeria though, it's one that opened after TMIR1280 as Fetch is there infected by Andrew meaning this story, at earliest, happens in 2032, and that's assuming these Freddy's locations lasted less than a year. The Ultimate Guide claims Fetch has in Freddy's for at least 10 years, so, I'm gonna say Freddy's was opened for 3 years after TMIR1280 and stayed shut the next 7 when Greg arrived. That would place Fetch, at earliest, in 2035 and, at most, in 2043. This story also takes place from November to January.
But it gets funner. In Fetch, we meet Jake McNally who some think is Jake from The Real Jake who becomes apart of the Stitchwraith. If this is true then Jake was 4 in Fetch and he's 9 in The Real Jake meaning 5 years have passed making the story take place in 2040 at the earliest and 2048 at the latest. This story is in Summer
Then there's the epilogues where Larson meets with Margie, the woman looking after Jake. Margie has been here for just over 3 years, in The Real Jake, Margoe was there for 3 years implying that the epilogues seem to take place the same year that The Real Jake ends. Meaning the Stitchwraith Stingers begin in 2040 at the earliest and 2048 at the latest. This means that the majority if the Stitchline must occur over the course of 2025 to 2040 or 2033-2048, meaning 15 years.
The rest of the stories are a little more ambiguous with time. The ball put has 30 years of Eleanor's victims within it and the earliest possible date of the Epilogues in 2040 meaning the earliest year Eleanor started her murders was 2010. The latest is 2048 meaning she would've started her murders in 2018, either way, Eleanor existed prior to FNAF 3 which makes sense as stories as Blackbird is revealed to be connected to Eleanor which is a story where the main characters remember Freddy's existed, not a new version of Freddy's like in Fetch, but the older version, likely 1993. Sam and Nole were kids when they went to Freddy's, now they're in college, so significant time has passed, a 17 year gap isn't impossible, so Bkackbird could be in 2010. Blackbird is also in Spring.
According the Graphic Novel, Into the Pit is in 2020.
To Be Beautiful takes place a week before the events of the first Stitchwarith Stinger, so 2040-2048. This story is also confirmed to happen in Winter.
Count the Ways is likely after the chain closes as Funtime Freddy in that story likely comes from the Circus Baby's in Dance with Me that is likely after Fazbear Entertainment started up meaning anywhere between 2025-2028 at the earliest is when Dance with Me happens, at the latest it's 2033-2036. This story is in Fall. Count the Ways must have Funtime Freddy in the scrapyard for ages, meaning the story probably happens around the time of Fetch where teens would remember Freddy's or Baby's. So, 2035 to 2040 or 2043 to 2048. This story happens in late December.
Stinger #2 seems to happen very soon after Out of Stock as I doubt the Plushtrap Chaser would just be sitting there destroyed for years until the epilogues meaning 2040-2048. The story is stated to be in late October.
1:35 AM has Phineas Taggart looking for Ella's energy telling us he already started his agony experiments and by the time of Stinger #3 he has Ella, so it has to be before that. Story is in Spring.
Step Closer's time period relative to the epilogues is unconfirmed but seeing how Freddy's is open at this time and by Fetch it's closed, it seems to be before Fetch, likely in the same time period as Dance with Me. Happens in August or September because of Homecoming.
Hide-And-Seek is the same as Step Closer, it's unclear the timeline but we know Freddy's is open, so likely in the same time period as Step Closer and Dance with Me. Story in Spring.
So, here's how the Timeline might be assuming the earliest years are correct.
Spring 2010: Blackbird
Summer 2020: Into the Pit
Fall 2025: The Man In Room 1280
August/Septmeber 2026: Step Closer
Fall 2026: Dance with Me
Spring 2027: Hide-and-Seek
November 2035-January 2036: Fetch
December 2036: Count the Ways
Spring 2040: 1:35 AM
Summer 2040: The Real Jake
Stitchwaith Stinger 3 and 4
October 2040: Out of Stock (I'm assuming that the beginning of Stinger 2 is a flashback since of it isn't, that would imply that Larson waited months to talk to Margie after saying he'd take the case)
Winter 2040: To Be Beautiful
2041: The Rest of The Stingers Happen After
So, that's it huh? Most of the stories happen after FFPS and 15 years after TMIR1280 is when stuff from Help Wanted onwards happens. Well, there's still one problem.
Help Wanted heavily implies that this FE's first attempt to rebrand after FFPS, they hire a rogue indie dev to exclusively make games on the events that were "claimed" to happen up to 2023 and those are the only events they're trying to hide. This can't be after the Frights stories as by the end of the story it seems most people have forgotten about the stuff that happened back in the 80s as all that happened over half a century ago.
So, if Help Wanted is what started up the new FE then TMIR1280 must be after that as we see people working in the distribution center meaning it's operational. So, ignoring the Frights, when is the earliest that Help Wanted could happen?
Well, assuming that the company started right after FFPS burned to the ground and assuming Steve releases the FNAF games at the same rate Scott did which is likely as the third game gets finished after Velntine's day just like FNAF 3 in real life, that would mean the 3 indie games are finished by March of 2025, a decade after Scott finished his trilogy. Now, let's say that soon after they have the VR company start production of the game after that and that the game Help Wanted happens when the game released IRL then it would be May of 2026 when that happens. Then, directly after that FE starts back up which is when TMIR1280 takes place, a couple months later in Fall of 2026. This would place the ending of the Stitchline in 2042 at the earliest, essentially moving all the years I said earlier up by one.
Okay, so it's after Help Wanted and 15 years later is when the Stitchline ends and Tales begins, perfect. However, one of Special Delivery's unreleased emails tell us that in AR, Vanessa is 23. You have to at least 18 to be a beta tester, so, at the latest, AR has to be in 2031 which would place it 5 years before Fetch. Now, time does pass between AR and a Security Breach as we know the CDs are at least a year before the game starts as implied by GGY. However, over a decade and a half passing between them (as Security Breach can only happen in 2035, 2046, 2057, etc as shown by the calendars) is nuts, especially as that would make Vanessa 37 which I find unlikely.
This is simply impossible, the other option is that Security Breach happens during Frights which wouldn't make much sense with how few people seem familiar with Freddy's, you'd think someone would mention the Pizzaplex. It's also important to point out that Scott said Frights would fill in the blanks of the past while the games would go to the future. Basically, all the games after UCN need to be AFTER Frights.
This isn't THAT big of a problem considering that some people including Larson remembers Freddy's and the murders, so it's possible that Steve has heard of them as well.
So, going back to the original years I suggested, the minimum years, the Help Wanted story probably happens in 2042-2043 with Help Wanted the game taking place in May of 2044. Assuming Curse of Dreadbear is canon and that the DLC releases the same time both IRL and in continuity like seems to be the case with FNAF 1-3 then that happens in October of 2044. If we're still taking things literally then December of 2044 is when FE starts building the Pizzaplex as seen in the Christmas Update. This means that Security Breach, at the earliest, is in 2052 meaning 2047 is the latest the place opens.
This would mean Submechaphobia, Cleithrophobia, Under Cinstruction, HAPPS, and Pressure likely all happen in 2047. GGY happens less than 4 years into the Pizzaplex's lifespan meaning it takes place in 2050 or 2051 meaning that Vanessa likely didn't get hired as a guard until 2051. Assuming she was only 18 in VR, she would be 23 in 2049 which would be when AR takes place meaning in Security Breach she'd be 26 which is reasonable. AR being in 2049 makes the start of the therapy tapes in 2050 or 2051 and I think a year or 2 is enough time for Vanessa to get closer with Luis and Luis to switch from IT to Marketing Department.
During that from when Vanessa was hired to when Security Breach takes place would likely be when Bobbiedots happens, where the STAFF meeting resulting in the death of employees happens, and the replacement of the employees with STAFF Bots.
So, that's what I think, majority of the Frights take place from 2025 to 2041 with the all three indie games being made by Spring of 2043, Help Wanted happening in Spring of 2044, the Pizzaplex starts construction in December of that year, The Epilogues happen in 2046, The Pizzaplex opens in 2047, Several Talea Stories Happen In 2047, AR happens in 2049, GGY happens in 2050 or 2051, Vanessa becomes Security in 2051, and Security Breach happens in 2052.
submitted by VideoGameChronology to fnaftheories [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 20:04 NeebTheWeeb An Interdisciplinary Analysis of Exodus: Archeology, Linguistics, and Historical Context

Hello Everyone,
Today, I would like to foster an in-depth, interdisciplinary discussion about the historicity of the Book of Exodus. This narrative, significant in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, tells a powerful tale of liberation and divine intervention. But how does it stand under the lens of archaeology, linguistics, and historical context? Let's explore together.
1. Archaeological Evidence:
The Egyptian civilization, known for meticulous record-keeping, has left no direct references to the Exodus narrative in its extensive chronicles. This absence is significant given the scale of the events described. Additionally, despite the precision of their administrative and palatial documentation, there are no records indicating a substantial decrease in the labor force that would be consistent with the liberation of a vast number of Hebrew slaves.
Moreover, extensive archaeological exploration in the Sinai Peninsula, where the Israelites are believed to have wandered for 40 years, has not yielded evidence commensurate with the scale of this journey. We would anticipate numerous campsites, each supporting thousands of individuals, but these have not been found. Neither have the mass graves that might be expected considering the biblical account of widespread mortality due to rebellion and divine punishment (Numbers 14:29-35).
Finally, archaeological research into the alleged subsequent conquest of Canaan also challenges the Exodus narrative. Many of the Canaanite cities mentioned in the Book of Joshua were uninhabited or not destroyed concurrently during the Late Bronze Age, the supposed time of the Israelite invasion.
2. Linguistic Analysis:
The Hebrew language contains Egyptian loanwords, suggesting some form of cultural exchange. Some of these loanwords are found in the oldest strata of biblical text, such as the Song of the Sea (Exodus 15:1-18) and the Song of Deborah (Judges 5), giving them potential historical credence. However, these linguistic links do not definitively corroborate the Exodus story. They could equally suggest routine interactions between neighboring civilizations over centuries.
3. Cultural and Historical Context:
The cultural similarities between ancient Egyptian traditions and Israelite monotheism, as well as their concept of law, might suggest some influence but do not provide direct evidence for the Exodus narrative. For example, the Egyptian Book of the Dead contains a 'negative confession,' which some scholars see as a precursor to the Ten Commandments. However, this is speculative and not widely accepted.
4. Documentary Hypothesis and Literary Analysis:
The Documentary Hypothesis proposes that the Torah, including Exodus, comprises multiple sources written across centuries. Scholars have identified different writing styles, names for God, and occasional contradictions within the text, suggesting a composite authorship.
For example, the two different accounts of Moses's encounter with God at the burning bush (Exodus 3:1–4:17 and 6:2-12) represent distinct traditions, Elohist and Priestly, that were later woven together. This hypothesis, while not diminishing the spiritual or moral value of the text, further complicates claims of the story's historical accuracy.
5. Sociopolitical Factors:
It's also essential to consider the sociopolitical factors that might have influenced the composition of the Exodus story. Some scholars suggest that the narrative served to unify diverse tribal groups under a shared history and identity, thereby facilitating the establishment of a centralized monarchy.
In conclusion, the historicity of the Exodus story is a complex issue. Despite significant archaeological, linguistic, and cultural research, definitive historical evidence corroborating the biblical account has not been found. However, the lack of empirical evidence does not necessarily undermine the story's profound theological and moral value. How do
we, as believers, reconcile these scientific investigations with our faith? How does this influence our understanding and interpretation of the Book of Exodus? I look forward to hearing your thoughts and continuing this enlightening discussion.
May we navigate these complexities with respect and understanding, valuing both our shared faith and the pursuit of knowledge.
submitted by NeebTheWeeb to TrueChristian [link] [comments]